Corona and drought caused the loss of about half a million jobs

Wednesday – February 3, 2021 – 19:21

The High Planning Commission said the national economy lost 432,000 jobs in 2020, due to the repercussions of the health crisis linked to the Covid-19 pandemic and the wave of drought that affected the agricultural season.

In a new memorandum, “On the state of the labor market”, the commission added that the loss of jobs concerns rural and urban centers (295,000 in rural areas and 137,000 in urban areas) and all sectors of the economy. ‘economic activity, where the “services” sector lost 107,000 jobs and the “agriculture” sector. Forestry and hunting “273,000 jobs”, “industry, including traditional industry” 37,000 and the “construction” sector 9,000 jobs. By type of job, 255,000 jobs were lost, 116,000 in urban areas and 139,000 in rural areas. Non-performing employment fell, for its part, by 176,000 jobs, 157,000 in rural areas and 19,000 in urban areas.

The decline in the activity rate that characterizes the labor market was known to have worsened in 2020, after having decreased by 0.2 point during 2019, this rate decreased by one point during the past year to reach 44.8%.

The decline in activity rates was more severe in rural areas (-2.2 points), from 52.2% to 50%, compared to urban areas (-0.4), from 42.3% to 41.9%. percent.

This decrease is attributed to an increase in the active population (15 years and over) of 1.5% compared to 2019 and a decrease in the active population of 0.9% (-111,000 people).

The rate for women fell by 1.6 points to 19.9%, compared with 70.4% for men (-0.6 compared to 2019).

For its part, the employment rate fell from 41.6% to 39.4% at the national level (-2.2 points), where it fell by 1.6 points in urban areas (from 36.9% at 35.3%). In rural areas (from 50.3 to 47.0 percent) and 3.2 points.

On the other hand, this rate recorded a more severe drop for men (2.6 points) compared to women (1.9 points).

The total number of working hours per week fell from 494 million hours in 2019 to 394 million hours in 2020, which represents a 20% decrease in the number of working hours. The decrease equates to 2.1 million full-time jobs.

The number of working hours per week fell from 300 million to 237 million hours in urban areas (-21.0 percent) and from 194 million to 157 million hours in rural areas (-19, 0 percent).

This is the decrease in all sectors, 49 million hours in the “services” sector (-20.4 percent), 24 million in the “agriculture, forestry and fishing” sector (-17 percent) , and 14 million in “industry, including traditional industry” (- 22.3%), and 14 million in the “construction” sector (-25.4%).

In contrast, the average number of working hours per week fell from 45.2 to 37.5 hours. It fell sharply in the “construction” sector, going from 46.8 to 35 hours, in the “industry, including traditional industry” from 48.4 to 38.6 hours, and in the “services” sector from 48. , 6 to 39.4 hours.

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